Faecal Sludge & Septage Management
On-Site Sanitation facilities (OSSF) are the primary mode of sanitation system in India . Over 48% of urban Indian households depend on onsite facilities (Census 2011) and this proportion is increasing, especially with the rapid pace of construction of individual and community toilets under SBM (Swachh Bharat Mission) . Most of these are based on on-site containments such as pit latrines and septic tanks . On the other hand, only 32 .7% of households have access to a piped sewerage system . In terms of treatment of wastewater, as of 2015, only 64% of the listed STPs in India are operational, while 10% are non-operational, 18% under construction and 8% are proposed on paper . The treatment capacity that is available is only for 37% of the total 62,000 MLD (million litres per day) of human waste that is generated in urban India . Moreover, these treatment plants are only enabled for sewage and not septage treatment .