Faecal Sludge Management in Kampala, Uganda
The sanitation situation in most of Kampala can be summarized as follows:
• About 90% of Kampala’s population relies on on-site sanitation facilities (pit latrines and septic tanks);
• 50% of households share one sanitation facility, leading to unhygienic conditions;
• On average, 5 households (~ 25 people) share 1 sanitation facility, however there are facilities shared by up
to 17 households (~ 85 people);
• More than 50% of pit-latrines are un-lined and filled with solid waste;
• Only 20 – 25% of the toilets have ever been emptied by a service provider, the rest have either been abandoned or been emptied directly into the environment, posing health and environmental risks for the city and its people.
Against this backdrop, GIZ began to support Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) and other key stakeholders in 2012 to improve the sanitation sector of Kampala, with funding from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). This document highlights selected activities from the period 2015 – 2017, which were co-financed by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).